One of the most common forms of restorative dentistry is fillings. Fillings are used to repair cavities and prevent further decay. In the past, fillings were made of metals such as silver or gold, but today, tooth-colored composites are used to provide a more aesthetically pleasing result. These composites not only match the color of natural teeth, but they are also more durable and last longer than traditional metal fillings.
Another common form of restorative dentistry is dental crowns. Crowns are used to restore a tooth that has been damaged or decayed to its original shape, size, and function. They are also used to cover a tooth that has undergone a root canal treatment, to protect it from further damage. Crowns are made of porcelain or ceramic materials that are colored to match the natural shade of the patient's teeth. They are custom-made to fit over the damaged tooth, providing a strong, durable and natural-looking restoration.
For patients with missing teeth, restorative dentistry offers several options such as dental bridges, dental implants, and dentures. Dental bridges are used to replace one or more missing teeth. They are made of two crowns that are placed on the remaining teeth on either side of the gap, with a false tooth in between. Bridges are a permanent solution that can be used to restore chewing function, speech and the appearance of a patient's smile.
Dental implants are another option for missing teeth. Implants are small titanium posts that are surgically placed into the jawbone to support a replacement tooth. The artificial tooth is then attached to the post, providing a secure and stable restoration. Implants are a popular option for those who want a permanent and natural-looking replacement for missing teeth. They also help to maintain the natural shape of the jaw and prevent further bone loss.
For patients with multiple missing teeth, dentures can provide a removable and convenient solution. Dentures are made of acrylic or porcelain materials and are custom-made to fit over the gums. They are designed to mimic the natural appearance of teeth and can be used to restore the patient's smile, chewing function and speech.
Gum disease is another area of concern for many patients, and restorative dentistry can help to address this issue. Gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the gum tissue and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Restorative dentistry can help to treat gum disease through various procedures such as deep cleaning, scaling and root planning, and gum surgery. These procedures can help to restore the health of the gums and prevent further damage.